Strengthening exploration is the main factor in creating a reliable resource base for the long term. The main task is to increase the growth of industrial reserves of hydrocarbons over the volumes of their production. To this end, the company began to widely apply new methods and advanced technologies for finding oil and gas fields. The work carried out during these years confirmed the high prospects of Bukhara – Khiva and Surkhandarya regions of the country. Rich reserves were discovered on Ustyurt, where large gas fields Surgil, East Berdakh, Uchsay were discovered. Another alternative direction is the production of synthetic oil from oil shale based on high-speed pyrolysis technology.