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Briefly about Uzbekistan

Country

The official name of the country

Uzbekistan

Capital

Tashkent

The largest regions in terms of the population

Samarkand region (3 716 600 people)
Fergana region (3 620 100 people)
Kashkadarya region (3 148 100 people)
Andijan region (3 011 600 people)
Tashkent region (2 873 500 people) 
(January 1, 2018)

Independence

On August 31, 1991, at the extraordinary session of the Supreme Council of the Uzbek SSR in Tashkent, a resolution was adopted “On proclaiming state independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan” and the law “On foundations of state independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan”. The resolution also renamed the Uzbek SSR into the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Political structure

Democratic state of law

President

Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoyev

Geography

Location

Uzbekistan is located in the southwestern part of Central Asia.

Geographical coordinates

The northern point of Uzbekistan is located in the northeast of Ustyurt plateau (45° 36′ N), the south – near the city of Termez on the banks of Amudarya (37° 11′ N), the western – on Ustyurt plateau (56° E), eastern – in the east of Fergana Valley (73° 10′ E)

Territory

448 900 sq. km

Neighboring States

In the east – Kyrgyzstan; in the northeast, north and northwest – Kazakhstan; in the south-west and south – Turkmenistan; in the south – Afghanistan and in the south-east – Tajikistan

Climate

The climate of Uzbekistan is classified as continental, with hot summers and cool winters. The southern part of the country is the warmest, and the northern part is the coldest. In summer, temperature often exceeds 41° C (106° F), and can even reach 45° C (113° F) and higher. Humidity is not high. Winter temperature average around -8° C (18° F), but can fall to -40 °C (-40° F). Most of the country is also quite arid, with average annual rainfall ranging in size from 100 (3.9 inches) and 200 (7.9 inches) in millimeters and occurs mostly in winter and spring.

Timezone

GMT +5

Society

Population

32,9 million people (July 2018)

Economically active population

14,357 million people (2017)

Demography

In 2017, the number of births was 715.5 thousand people, and the number of deaths in 2017 was 161.5 thousand people. According to preliminary data, in January-December 2017, the number of arrivals in the republic amounted to 157.1 thousand people, the number of departures – 177.7 thousand people.

Languages

Uzbek (official language), Karakalpak, Kazakh, Turkmen, Uygur, Kyrgyz, Azeri, Russian, Tajik, etc.

Telephone code

+998

Country Code Top Level Domain

.uz

Power supply voltage

220 V, 50-60 Hz

Traffic

Right side

Economy

Currency

Sum

Finance center

Tashkent

GDP

48,65 billion USD (2017)

GDP per capita

1502 USD (2017)

Export volume

2,71 billion USD (2017)

Import volume

2,54 billion USD (2017)

Number of tourists

2,52 million people (2017)

Foreign direct investment

4,5 billion USD (2017)

Number of companies with foreign capital

5517 (January 2018)

Sectors of economy with the largest amounts of foreign investment and loans

mining industry (57%), processing industry (13%), information and communication (10%), transportation and storage (9%) (2017)

Inflation rate

14,4% (CPI — 2017г.)

Main export markets

China (16%), Russia (15.5%), Kazakhstan (7.8%), Turkey (6.2%), Afghanistan (4.3%) (2017)

Main import sources

China (21%), Russia (20.8%), Republic of Korea (9.5%), Kazakhstan (7.7%), Turkey (5.2%) (2017)