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Republic of Karakalpakstan

Portrait of the region

Population

1842,4 thousand people

Population density

11,1 person/km2

Territory

166592 km2

Largest cities

Nukus, Khodjeyli, Turtkul, Beruni, Chimbay, Takhiatash

 

Natural area

The nature of Karakalpakstan, located in the desert zone of the Central Asian region, is determined by a sharply continental desert climate with extremely low precipitation and high evaporation. Most of the territory is occupied by deserts of the Ustyurt and Kyzylkum plateaus. The drying Aral Sea and the delta of Amudarya River is located between them, which, in turn, is shared by another desert (new) Aralkum.
The climate in Karakalpakstan is sharply continental with hot and dry summers and cold winters. The average temperature in January is from –5 to –8 C. The minimum temperature in winter is –38 C. The average temperature in June reaches from +26 to +28 С, and in July and in August +50 C. The average precipitation is 100 mm per year.

The Ustyurt Plateau is a continuous upland plains with a height of up to 300 m (average heights - 100–200 m) with elevations up to 292 m (Aktumsuk, Karabaur) and a number of drainless depressions. The largest of them are the depressions of Barsakelmes (- 50 m) and Assake-Audan (- 29 m). The plateau breaks off to the Aral Sea and Amudarya delta by steep ledges (chinks). The average annual rainfall is about 100 mm. The only source of water supply is groundwater occurring at a depth of 6-20 m. In the distribution of vegetation cover, dependence on the type of soil is expressed. So, Jusan-Boylysh associations usually grow on non-saline soils, biyurgunnik - on saline soils, jusan with keyreuk and biurgun - weakly saline, and saxaul - on poorly developed small-hilly sand.

 

Land resources

The total agricultural land of farms is 44.8 thousand hectares. Of these, irrigated agricultural area is 30.8 thousand hectares.

Water resources

The republic uses  water resources of  Amudarya River. The average amount of water used is about 6.8 billion m3 per year.
On the territory of the republic there is 1 artificial reservoir.

 

 

Economy of the region

Dynamics of GRP (bn.UZS)
GRP by industry
GRP per capita
Investments in fixed assets (bn UZS)
Investments per capita

Natural and climatic conditions

Land and water resources

The total agricultural land of farms is 44.8 thousand hectares. Of these, irrigated agricultural area is 30.8 thousand hectares.

On the territory of the republic there is 1 artificial reservoir.

 

Temperature

 

Average population density by districts


Employment of the population

 

 

Composition of the population (thousand people)

The educational level of economically active population (thousand people)

Average monthly wage by industry (thousand UZS)

Employment of the population by industry (thousand people)

Dynamics of the population (thousand people)

Infrastructure

Transport infrustructure

Roads length km)

Nukus city-Beruni-145,2 km.
Nukus city-Turtkul-172,1 km.
Nukus city-Muynak-213,2 km.
Nukus city-Urgench city-192,0 km.
Nukus city-Bukhara city-550,2 km.
Nukus city-Navoi city-657,5 km.
Nukus city-Karshi city-734,5 km.
Nukus city-Samarkand city-821,9 km.
Nukus city-Tashkent city-1155,7 km.

 

Railway (length km)

Nukus city – Oasis Station of the Republic of Kazakhstan – 459 km.
Nukus city – Karakalpakstan station – 439 km.
Nukus city-Kungrad city -131 km.
Nukus city-Khodjeyli city – 45 km.
Nukus city-Turtkul city – 166 km.
Nukus city- Miskin station – 196 km.
Nukus city-Navoi city-697 km
Nukus city-Samarkand city-853 km.
Nukus city-Tashkent city-1 190 km.

 

Air (flight directions)

 

Nukus city – Tashkent city
Nukus city – Moscow city


Communal infrustructure

1 cubic metre - 245 UZS
for 1 kW/h - 365,76 UZS
1000 UZS for 1 cubic metre

Specialization of the region

Industry Volume(bn.UZS)

Industry Volume (bn.UZS)

Agriculture (bn.UZS)

Export and import