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Briefly about Uzbekistan

 About country

 

The official name of the country

Republic of Uzbekistan 

Capital 

Tashkent

The largest regions in terms of the population on January 1, 2019

Samarkand region (3,798,700 people)
Fergana region (3,683,100 people)
Kashkadarya region (3 213 300 people)
Andijan region (3,066,700 people)
Tashkent region (2,898,700 people)

Independence

Accepted – August 31, 1991
Celebrate – September 1

Political structure

Democratic state of law

President

Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoyev

Geography

Location

Uzbekistan is located in the southwestern part of Central Asia

Geographical coordinates

The northern point of Uzbekistan is located in the northeast of Ustyurt plateau (45° 36′ N),
the south – near the city of Termez on the banks of Amudarya (37° 11′ N),
the western – on Ustyurt plateau (56° E),
eastern – in the east of Fergana Valley (73° 10′ E)

Territory

448,978 sq. km

Geographical coordinates

41 ° 00 N, 64 ° 00 E

Neighboring States

In the east – Kyrgyzstan; in the northeast,
north and northwest – Kazakhstan;
in the south-west and south – Turkmenistan;
in the south – Afghanistan and in the south-east – Tajikistan

Climate

The climate of Uzbekistan is classified as continental, with hot summers and cool winters.
The southern part of the country is the warmest, and the northern part is the coldest.
In summer, temperature often exceeds 41° C (106° F), and can even reach 45° C (113° F) and higher.
Humidity is not high. Winter temperature average around -8° C (18° F), but can fall to -40 °C (-40° F).
Most of the country is also quite arid, with average annual rainfall ranging in size from 100 (3.9 inches) and 200 (7.9 inches) in millimeters and occurs mostly in winter and spring.

Timezone

GMT +5

Society

Population

33.2 million people (January, 2019)

Economically active population

14.641 million people (2018)

Average age

29,1 (2018)

Literacy rate

99,6% (2015)

Demography

In 2018:
number of births – 768.3 thousand people
dead – 154.7 thousand people
arrivals – 160.0 thousand people
departed – 176.2 thousand people

Languages

Uzbek (official language), Karakalpak, Kazakh, Turkmen, Uygur, Kyrgyz, Azeri, Russian, Tajik, etc.

Telephone code

+998

Currency

Uzbek Sum

Country Code Top Level Domain

.uz

Power supply voltage

220 V, 50-60 Hz

Traffic

Right side

Economy

Currency

sum

Finance center

Tashkent

GDP
(PPP)

250,33 billion USD (2018)

GDP per capita
(PPP)

7665,45 USD (2018г.)

Export volume

14,1 billion USD  (2018г.)

Import volume

23, 5 billion USD (2018г.)

Number of tourists

6.4 million people (2018 г.)

Foreign direct investment

2,893.2 million USD (2018)

Number of companies with foreign capital

8785 (as of June 1, 2019)

Sectors of economy with the largest amounts of foreign investment and loans

Power and gas supply (34,2%),
Manufacturing (26,6%),
Mining (19,6),
Transportation and storage (5,6%)

(2018)

Inflation rate

14,3 % (CPI — 2018)

Main export markets

China – 22.1%., Russia – 16.7%, Kazakhstan -11.1%, Turkey – 7.2%, Afghanistan – 4.9%  (2018)

Main import sources

Russia (18.5%), China (18.3%), South Korea (9.8%), Kazakhstan (7.8%), Turkey (6.5%) (2018)

Trade agreements

Free Trade Agreement with the CIS countries (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Russian Federation, Ukraine)